A bursa is a fluid filled sac which acts as a cushion between tendons and bones. There are multiple bursae within the knee, the two at the front of the knee can become inflamed through injury, such as a blow to the knee or repetitive activities such as kneeling. Bursitis of the knee is commonly referred to as housemaids knee. The swelling from a bursa can look quite dramatic but is not serious. It can occasionally be associated with gout or rheumatoid arthritis.
– tenderness/ pain
– Less commonly the bursa may become infected. It may become hot & red and you will feel generally unwell. See your GP urgently for treatment.
– Diagnosis is based purely on history taking and examination of your knee by your GP or healthcare professional.
– Investigations are not routinely required.
– Bursitis of the knee usually resolves with self-care
-Rest if needed and avoid aggravating activities such as kneeling
– gentle exercise to maintain knee range of movement- if kneeling use knee pads or a foam kneeling cushion
– pain relief if needed
– icepacks – wrap the ice pack in a towel and place it over the affected area for 10-20 minutes. Repeat this every few hours.
– If it is infected it may become hot & red and you will feel generally unwell. See your GP urgently for assessment and treatment.
www.nhs.uk/Conditions/knee-pain – general information about the management of knee pain & links to bursitis
www.knee-pain-explained.com – information about bursitis
https://www.nhsinform.Scot/injuries/muscle-bone-and-joint-injuries-problems – general information about the management of knee pain